Foot & Ankle
- Iselin disease is painful inflammatory condition of the apophysis (growth plate) of the 5th metatarsal (foot bone), where one of the leg muscles inserts
- In a child, the bones grow from areas called growth plates
Club foot is a common foot deformity present at birth where in one or both the feet are turned towards an inward and downward position. It is more common in boys than girls. It is also called as talipes equinovarus.
High Arch (Cavus Foot)
High arch (cavus foot) is a condition in which the arch on the bottom of the foot that runs from the toes to the heel is raised more than normal. Because of this high arch, excessive weight falls on the ball and heel of the foot when walking or standing causing pain and instability. Children with neurological disorders or other conditions such as cerebral palsy, spina bifida, poliomyelitis, muscular dystrophy are more likely to develop cavus foot. It may sometimes occur as an inherited abnormality.
Achilles Tendon Bursitis
Achilles tendon bursitis or retrocalcaneal bursitis is a condition that commonly occurs in athletes. It is a painful condition caused by swelling of bursa, a fluid-filled sac which is located at the back of the heel under the Achilles tendon. This retrocalcaneal bursa contains a lubricating fluid that acts as a cushion to reduce friction between muscle and bones. Achilles tendon is the large tendon that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone (calcaneous) and is used when you walk, run, and jump.
Congenital Vertical Talus
Talus bone makes up the ankle joint, and navicular bone is a small bone found in the feet. Congenital vertical talus is a foot deformity in which the talus and navicular bones of the child’s feet are abnormally positioned. This leads to rigid flat foot with a rocker-bottom appearance. The hind foot points downwards to the floor while the forefoot points upwards. It is usually present at birth and can occur with other conditions such as arthrogryposis and spina bifida.
Tarsal coalition is a developmental condition in which there is an abnormal connection between two or more of tarsal bones. Tarsal bones are calcaneus, talus, navicular, and cuboid bones that help in proper functioning of the foot.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome
Tarsal tunnel is the gap that is formed between the underlying bones of the foot and the overlying tough fibrous tissue. Tarsal tunnel syndrome refers to a condition where the posterior tibial nerve that lies within the tarsal tunnel is compressed. The condition occurs when the tibial nerve is pinched.
Toes are the digits in your foot and are associated with walking, providing balance, weight-bearing and other activities. A variety of toe deformities occur in children's feet.